Ngorongoro Crater in Tanzania
The scenic wildlife packed crater in the Northern safari circuit
Voted as one of the world’s seven Natural Wonders of Africa in 2013, the masterpiece of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area is the Ngorongoro crater. The Ngorongoro crater is the world’s largest inactive, intact and unfilled volcanic caldera. Though inactive now, Ngorongoro volcano was active from about 2.45 to 2 million years ago still vibrant for Tanzania safaris till now.
The crater in Ngorongoro was formed when a large volcano exploded and collapsed on itself two to three million years ago. The crater is 610 metres (2,000 feet) deep with its floor covering 260 square kilometers (100 square miles) rising 1,800m above sea level. Before the collapse, the original height of the crater is estimated to have been ranging from 4,500 to 5,800 metres (14,800 to 19,000 feet) high.
Ngorongoro Conservation Area where the crater is found is a protected area and World Heritage Site 180km west of Arusha. The crater derives its name from the Maasai pastoralists who derived it from the sound produced from the cowbell-ngoro ngoro. About 20kms across, 600 meters deep and 300 sq. kms in area, Ngorongoro Crater is the best and awe-inspiring crater where you can see wildlife on a wildlife safari in Tanzania.
Ngorongoro conservation area is situated in the Crater Highlands area of Tanzania between the Serengeti and Lake Manyara. The Ngorongoro volcano was one of the world’s tallest mountains before it exploded and collapsed. Ngorongoro Crater conservation area is one of Tanzania’s most popular wildlife viewing areas.
The Ngorongoro volcanic crater has a permanent water supply which attracts all kinds of animals that stay in this area rather than migrating. Tourists on Tanzania tours have explored the area and have viewed the large game as well as Tanzania bird safaris.
Ngorongoro crater offers a classic Big 5 Tanzania wildlife safari experience. There are thousands of wildlife animals that can be seen on the crater floor for example; lions, elephants, rhinos, Thomson’s gazelles, and buffaloes. The biggest number of animals in this conservation area are the wildebeests and zebras that count to over half of the animals that call the Ngorongoro Crater home.
On a northern Tanzania circuit tour, don’t hesitate to tailor Ngorongoro cater tour to your itinerary. On a safari to Serengeti National Park, Lake Manyara National Park and Tarangire National Park, Ngorongoro Conservation area is a perfect match for the safari.