Location of Tanzania
Situated just south of the equator. Tanzania sits within the African Great Lakes region in East Africa. The official name is the United Republic of Tanzania with the national capital as Dodoma though its not the largest city. Dar es salaam is the former city and largest port of Tanzania. The Tanzania safari capital is Arusha.
Tanzania covers an area of 947, 303km2 (365,756sqmi) and the largest country in East Africa. Most of the mainland lies 600ft (200m). Mainland Tanzania is bordered by Kenya, Lake Victoria and Uganda in the North, Rwanda, Burundi, Lake Tanganyika and the Democratic Republic of Congo in the West, Zambia, Malawi Lake Nyasa and Mozambique to the south and the Indian Ocean to the east. From the water borders, Tanzania recreational safaris are absolutely the perfect recreation safaris ever.
Several ethnic, linguistic and religious groups live in Tanzania. The country has over 100 different languages spoken making it the most linguistically diverse country in East Africa. Swahili though is the national official language in the country.
The natural wonders of Tanzania
Africa’s roof top raises high on Mount Kilimanjaro 19,340ft (5,895m) in Tanzania. In the north east of Tanzania is Africa’s highest mountain, to the north and west lies Lake Tanganyika and Lake Victoria-Africa’s largest lake.
The Kalambo waterfalls in the south western region of Bukwa are the second highest uninterrupted falls in Africa located near the south-eastern shore of Lake Tanganyika bordering Zambia.
Along the Indian Ocean are 15 islands and the Zanzibar archipelago of 10 islands with beautiful beaches. The islands of Pemba and mafia are fantastic with un spoilt reefs for diving and swimming.
Tanzania safari wildlife parks
For conservation, Tanzania’s wildlife is protected in the national parks. The prominent national parks include;
Serengeti national park has the highest number of tourists inspired by the great wildebeest migration. The endless plains of Serengeti have numerous wildlife totals, about 200,000 zebra, 300,000 Thomson Gazelle, 1.5million wildebeest and 18,000 elands, this is a huge number one can ever sight on a Tanzania wildlife safari or even a wildlife safari in Kenya.
Arusha National Park hosts a rich habitat for animals and birds. More than 400 bird species of both migrant and resident and rare primates like the Black and White Colobus monkeys live in the lush swamps of Ngurdoto crater.
Gombe Stream National Park is Tanzania’s smallest national park. The main wildlife here are the Chimpanzees. Rarely blue or red-tailed monkeys are sighted on a wildlife safari in Tanzania at the park.
Katavi National Park in western Tanzania has grass plains that host Impalas, elands, Topi’s, Zebra’s and herds of up to 1,600 buffalos.
Lake Manyara national park houses the notoriously tree climbing lions sheltered by the acacia woodland where they rest in the stems. The country’s densest population of buffalos and elephants rest in the parks dry riverbeds.
Ruaha national park is perfect for wildlife viewing. Sightings of the giraffes, Zebras, elephants, waterbucks, Impalas along the Ruaha river have left the best Tanzania wildlife tour memories for those who take time to get there. Ruaha national park has the largest elephant population in East Africa.
Flora parks in Tanzania
Kitulo national park on the kitulo plateau is the best floristic point having floral species like the irises, lilies, balsams, bellflowers, honey-peas, and orchids.
Jozani-Chwaka Bay National Park is covered by the mature indigenous forest on Zanzibar island. Rare, endangered and endemic species that live here include Ader’s Duiker, as well as sykes monkeys, the Zanzibar colobus monkey, bush babies, African civet, giant elephant shrews and chameleons. Around 83 bird species as well as more than 100 species of brightly colored butterflies survive in this national park.
Not alone for the big numbers of wildlife, safari Tanzania for the perfect adventure, birding and cultural memories filled with a lot of refreshment from the Indian Ocean.